Coordinated Vulnerability Disclosure (CVD) is a process for disclosing security vulnerabilities to affected organizations in a way that minimizes the risk of harm to users. It is a voluntary process that is typically agreed upon by the vulnerability reporter, the affected organization, and a third-party facilitator.
The CVD process typically involves the following steps:
- The vulnerability reporter discovers a security vulnerability in a product or service.
- The vulnerability reporter reports the vulnerability to the affected organization.
- The affected organization evaluates the vulnerability and determines the severity.
- The affected organization and the vulnerability reporter agree on a disclosure plan.
- The vulnerability is disclosed to the public in a coordinated manner.
The CVD process has several benefits, including:
- It allows affected organizations to fix vulnerabilities before they are exploited by malicious actors.
- It minimizes the risk of harm to users.
- It builds trust between vulnerability reporters and affected organizations.
- It encourages vulnerability researchers to share their findings.
There are several challenges associated with CVD, including:
- It can be time-consuming and resource-intensive.
- It can be difficult to reach an agreement on a disclosure plan.
- There is always the risk that the vulnerability will be disclosed before the affected organization has a chance to fix it.
Despite the challenges, CVD is an important process for improving the security of software and services. It is a voluntary process, but it is becoming increasingly adopted by organizations that are serious about security.
Here are some of the benefits of using CVD:
- It can help to reduce the risk of data breaches and other security incidents.
- It can help to improve the security of software and services.
- It can help to build trust between organizations and security researchers.
- It can help to attract and retain talented security researchers.
If you are interested in learning more about CVD, there are a number of resources available online. The following are a few of the most helpful resources:
- The CERT Guide to Coordinated Vulnerability Disclosure: https://resources.sei.cmu.edu/asset_files/specialreport/2017_003_001_503340.pdf
- The CISA Coordinated Vulnerability Disclosure Process: https://www.cisa.gov/coordinated-vulnerability-disclosure-process
- The ENISA Coordinated Vulnerability Disclosure: Towards a Common EU Approach: https://www.enisa.europa.eu/news/coordinated-vulnerability-disclosure-towards-a-common-eu-approach
- The CERT-EU Coordinated vulnerability disclosure policy: https://cert.europa.eu/coordinated-vulnerability-disclosure-policy